When you are diagnosed with a condition like sciatica, it basically means that the sciatic nerve is inflamed. The largest of all peripheral nerves is the sciatic nerve and because of this, the pain is hard to ignore. This particular nerve is the one that sends information to and from the brain about the movements and sensations.


You can find the sciatic nerve at the spinal cord’s lower segment. It exits at the lumbosacral region. The lower back pain can be intense because the nerve passes through the hip joint and thighs. The functions of the sciatic nerve are just like other nerves in the body. Signals from the brain are sent to the muscles through the nerve, and it also collects sensory info from your legs and is sent to the brain. When you’re suffering from sciatica, these functions are affected.


Patients suffering from sciatica will experience weakness in the thighs and legs. It is vital that the root cause is determined. When there is rupture of the spine’s cushion, the nerve is compressed. With the increased pressure in the area, a person will experience pain, numbness, and weakness. The nerve can be irritated or inflamed due to herniated disc, spondylolisthesis, spinal stenosis, and piriformis syndrome.


How will you know if you have sciatica? You should watch out for the symptoms such as:

  • Burning sensation
  • Sensations of pins or needles, tingling feeling
  • Shooting pains
  • Cramping sensations


When you cough or squat, there are times when these symptoms get worse and this is because of the increased pressure. Anyone can suffer from sciatica, but it is common among older adults. When you reach 30 years or older, sciatica is quite common. Even pregnant women are also prone to this condition. People suffering from back injuries and over-extension are likely to develop this condition as well.


The symptoms of sciatica can be due to an underlying condition. For accurate diagnosis, the doctor will perform several tests, physical exams, and consider the patient’s medical history. Before treatment options are given, the root cause of the symptoms is considered. Some patients also undergo MRI and x-rays.


Once you are diagnosed with sciatica, the doctor will offer the various treatment options that will suit your present condition. Muscle relaxers, anti-inflammatory medicines, and rest are usually recommended by medical professionals. For patients suffering from severe symptoms, oral steroids are given but because of the side effects, not many patients prefer this treatment.


The pain will soon disappear and to prevent future attacks, you should perform the right exercises. Physical therapy is also quite helpful. You sooth the muscles using ice packs or heat compress. To ensure that the anti-inflammatory meds are delivered effectively, epidural injections can be performed. If the above treatments don’t work, you might consider surgery. You can talk about this with your doctor, especially if you don’t see significant changes in three months. It’s good to know that a lot of sciatica patients are able to recover from the condition. Only ten percent requires surgery.


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