In order to prevent and treat sciatica, it is best to know and understand the causes of it first. This main reason of this is that once you know the cause of the sciatic pain then you will be able to avoid anything that might trigger it.

  • Lumbar Herniated Disc (LHD)
One of the most common causes of sciatica is when the disc herniation of the lumber put more pressure on the nerve that it normally should have. Thus, it will result to irritation or an inflammation on the sciatic nerve. This will eventually reproduce the sciatica symptoms.

  • Other Common Causes
In addition to this, the irritation of the sciatic nerves is also a result of an intervertebral disc which is abnormal. This is normally referred to as ‘radiculopathy’. Moreover, aside from these main causes of sciatica, there are also other specific causes of it.
These other causes include the irritation in the nerve of the adjacent bone, muscle, tumors, internal bleeding, injury, infections, and other related health problems. As a matter of fact, sciatica can also occur during pregnancy. This is when the sciatic nerve is being irritated during the months of pregnancy. This is because it is the lower back that is more used for support.
  • · Sciatica Treatments
Basing from all the causes mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, it is easy to conclude that sciatica, in general, is caused when there is too much pressure on sciatic nerves. Thus, preventions as well as treatments should be based from these causes in order to avoid this disorder.

  • Be physically active.
Since sciatica deals more with the nerves and muscle on the lower part of our body then it is recommended for those experiencing this disorder to be physically active. This is one of the recommended preventions by many physicians.  If you are having this disorder, you have to keep on moving.
Notice that when you sit for long hours, you will then feel pain caused by sciatica. This is because being idle makes your muscles in your body tighter. Once it tightens, the nerves will be pressed and pinched thus causing pain. So stay active. Do not stay in the same position for very long.

  • Stretching helps.
Another kind of prevention is to do some stretching. This will involve stretching the piriformis muscle where the sciatic nerves travel. You might want to seek the advice of a doctor on how to do the proper form of stretching to avoid continuing sciatic pain.

  • Ice will numb the pain.
However, if you are already feeling the pain then one way to ease it is to put ice on it. It is a common knowledge that one of the effects of ice or anything that is cold is numbness. So, if you are already experiencing sciatic pains then put an ice on the affected area and leave it there for 10 minutes. Then take it off and wait until ten minutes have elapsed before putting the ice on again.

  • Take NSAID medicines.
If nothing happens after putting some ice on the lower back of your body that is painful, then the best thing for you to do is to take medicines. It is best recommended that in cases of sciatica, medicines that should be taken by the patient must include the so called NSAID or the Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs.
Ibuprofen is the well-known medicine with NSAID included in its formula. However, if ibuprofen no longer eases the pain that you are feeling then it is necessary for you to take the codeine medicine. This medicine is for those patients who are already experiencing acute cases of sciatica.

  • Surgery must be your last remedy.
Surgery is the last remedy if none of the above-mentioned preventions as well as treatments works. There are two kinds of surgery in this case, the first one is called Laminectomy, and the other one is called spinal stenosis.

  1. Laminectomy is performed when it is the herniated discs that are affected. In this kind of surgery, a part of posterior arch is being removed in order to relieve the pressure that it causes to the nerve tissues.
  2. On the other hand, spinal stenosis is conducted when a bone portion is removed in the lumbar area. The bone portion that will be removed during the surgery is the one that presses the sciatic nerves and causes pain.

One Response to “Sciatica Treatment and Preventions”

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