What is Sciatica?

Sciatica is a result of a disorder which occurs within the lumbar spine and eventually surges down the lower limb. It is the term used in order to describe the pain which radiates during the distribution of sciatic nerves. Physicians also refer to it as ‘lumbar radiculopathy’.

What is the general cause of Sciatica?

The general cause of sciatica is irritated sciatic nerves. The irritation is usually linked to the pressure caused by some muscles to these nerves. If left untreated, it may cause the sciatic nerves to be pinched to its limit. Thus, a pain or extreme burning will be felt by the person having this disorder.

The pain is specifically experienced in the lumbar area or on the lower back of the body. The sciatic pain will eventually travel to down to the thigh and will radiate to beyond the knee. It may sometimes reach the toes of the patient.

What is a Sciatic nerve?

In general, sciatic nerve is comprised of a single nerve root that begins by branching out on the spine in our lower back extending to the leg that includes the calf, foot, and toes. This makes the sciatic nerve as the largest nerve in the body. This is the main reason why these parts are usually affected when a patient is experiencing a sciatic pain.

What are the specific symptoms of Sciatica?

Since the number of individuals having this kind of disorder increases, various medical studies have already been conducted. From these studies, various specific symptoms have also been discovered.

  • Extreme Tingling, Burning, and Pain in the Lower Part of the Body

A wider range of having sciatica symptoms has been recorded because of these medical studies. One of the most common symptoms that sciatica brings is the pain which is usually felt down in the buttock. There are some instances that the pain may not occur in the buttocks but in the leg. This usually occurs when one is sitting for a long period of time. Another common symptom is the tingling and worse is the burning down on the part of the leg.

  • Numbness and Weakness in the Lower Limbs

The numbness, weakness, as well as the difficulty of moving the foot or the leg itself is also one of the most noted symptoms of having sciatica. In addition to this, if you are having sciatica, you will be experiencing constant pain on either side of your rear. Also, sciatica patients feel shooting pain. These episodes of pain make it difficult for them to do some simple activities like climbing the stairs or even just standing up. There are also some who find it hard to walk when being attacked by sciatic pain.

How are these symptoms felt?

  • It may be felt severely but infrequently.

For some patients of sciatica, the pain is usually severe as well as debilitating. But for other individuals having this disorder, the symptoms of sciatica may be infrequent and sometimes irritating. However, it is to be noted that these symptoms have a possibility of getting worse. Symptoms as well as the pain will depend on which part of the sciatic nerve is affected.

  • It may be felt individually or more at the same time.

These symptoms may be felt individually, but sometimes two or more of these symptoms occur at the same time. Like when you are having a lower back pain and it is accompanied with a leg pain. But, when this occurs, the pain in the lower back is less severe as compared to the pain being felt in the leg.

How to prevent or treat Sciatica?

If you are experiencing the same symptoms stated in the preceding paragraphs, then better consult a doctor, or you can do some preventions as well as treatments, which will be discussed in the following paragraph.

  • Sciatica Preventions

If you want to prevent your sciatic pain to get even worse, then you might want to do some stretching that generally involves the piriformis muscle. This muscle is where the sciatic nerves travel. You can also have you pelvis checked. See if it is balanced. This is because a balanced pelvis will lessen the sciatic pain until it eventually disappears.

  • Sciatica Treatments

However, if none of this works and the pain still persists. you can put an ice on the affected part of your body. Press the ice for about ten minutes and then put it off. After ten minutes has elapsed, put the ice on again for another ten minutes. Do this twice or thrice until the pain goes away.

If after putting the ice on and still nothing happens, try taking some medicines already. Make sure that the medicine you are taking is not an ordinary pain reliever but a medicine with a Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs as one of its content. Ibuprofen is one example of a medicine that has an NSAID. Codeine is also another medicine with NSAID but this medicine is for those who already have acute sciatica.

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