Sciatica symptoms include; of pain in the leg, weakness or numbness starting in the lower back and moving through the hips and below your sciatic nerve, which is located at the back of leg. It can vary from occasional to regular or in worst case scenarios, unbearable pain. Even the symptoms fluctuate greatly in rigorousness, location and type depending on the reason causing your sciatica. Despite symptoms being very painful, it does not cause permanent damage to the sciatic nerve. Also, sciatica is not a medical condition but a symptom of a medical condition.


Sciatica can be identified by a few of following symptoms –

  • Sharp pain making it very difficult to stand or walk.
  • Regular pain in just one side of hip. (Pain seldom occurs in both the legs.)
  • Severe pain in while sitting.
  • A dull ache or burning down the leg.
  • Numbness, weakness, or difficulty moving your leg.

Physical therapy exercises aimed at stretching, strengthening, and aerobic conditioning can be very effective in treatment of sciatica pain. If these exercises are carried out regularly by the patients, they can certainly find relief from the pain and are likely to avoid get symptoms in the future.

 Physical therapy for his back problems

Sciatica exercises normally concentrate on three main areas


1.      Stretching exercises

Stretching is highly recommended for removing sciatic pain. These stretches are aimed at loosening of the muscles, because pain may worsen when muscles become inflexible and tight. Hamstring stretches are known to be extremely effective for sciatica physical therapy.


2.      Strengthening exercises

These exercises focus on strengthening the supporting muscles, tendons, spinal column, and ligaments. These exercises concentrate mainly on the lower back, stomach and hip muscles. These are basically core muscles which are strong and can help to give relief from pain as they support the spine. They keep the spine aligned, helping to extend the spine and keep sciatica pain at bay.

3.      Low impact aerobic exercises

Some cardiovascular exercises like pool therapy and walking help in early                                                    recovery because aerobic conditioning releases endorphins. These endorphins are the body’s natural pain killers and can significantly reduce sciatic pain.


The main features of sciatica physical therapy are –

  • Core muscle strength

Sciatica exercises aim at strengthening the back and abdominal muscles, giving more support to the back. Muscle stretches target tight and inflexible muscles that can cause pain, and makes them loose and supple. While carrying out gentle exercises for stretching and strengthening, patients are likely to recover soon and prevent episodes from occurring in future.


  • Specific diagnosis

These exercises aim at addressing the main cause of sciatica pain, such as spinal stenosis and lumbar herniated discs. Remember, it is essential to get a correct diagnosis before starting exercises because certain exercises can worsen sciatic pain.


  • Sciatica Exercises for Herniated Disc

Press-ups, also called extension exercises, are quite effective in moving pain from the lower leg towards the back. Lie down on your stomach and prop your the upper body gently while keeping your hips on floor. This exercise may cause pain, and should thus be done slowly. The press-up position should be held for few seconds gradually increasing to 30 seconds. Repeat ten times. Spinal specialists may ask patients to do advanced extension exercises after some practice.


Sciatica Exercises for the treatment of Spinal Stenosis

Flexion exercises may be recommended for this condition. “Bending forward” increases the size of passageways, and lowers irritation. Back exercises are aimed at reducing sciatica pain that is caused by stenosis and include a blend of strengthening and stretching exercises.

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